January 2008


IN THIS ISSUE:         

VT  Communications to Host  HFCC

KTWR---Guam to Represent  NASB  at  HFCC  A-08

Update on 2008  NASB/USA  DRM  Annual Meetings

WRC-07  Report

France Adopts  DRM

Plans for 2008  EDXC  Conference

2007 Clandestine Shortwave Broadcasting Activity Survey

NASB  Mailbag


VT Communications Hosts 5th Global Shortwave Coordination Conference



VT Communications is hosting the 5th Global Shortwave Coordination Conference, on behalf of the High Frequency Coordination Conference (HFCC) and in association with the ABU High Frequency Coordination Group (ABU-HFC). The conference will take place on 4-8 February 2008, at the Petaling Jaya Hilton Hotel near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  


The conference offers the chance for Shortwave Frequency Managers from around the world to discuss their frequency incompatibilities in the A08 Summer broadcasting season, which commences on 30 March 2008. VT Communications aims to provide a forum where broadcasters can coordinate their A08 schedules to minimise interference to their services.  Kuala Lumpur was chosen as the conference venue to encourage more delegates from the Asia-Pacific region to attend the meeting.  VT Communications will be sponsoring ABU-HFC delegates from Sri Lanka, Bhutan and Laos to maximise this opportunity. Peter Gordon, Head of Corporate Communications at VT Communications, said: “We pride ourselves on supporting broadcasters globally. We are delighted to offer developing countries support and funding to attend this year’s 5th Global Shortwave Coordination Conference.”

(Source: VT Communications via Radio Netherlands Media Network Weblog)






KTWR-Guam to represent NASB at HFCC A08 Conference


George Ross of KTWR-Guam (part of Trans World Radio) will be the official NASB representative at the A08 HFCC Conference in Kuala Lumpur.  Any member wishing to have George's assistance on frequency coordination matters before or during the conference should contact George at  or .  Also attending the HFCC in Kuala Lumpur will be NASB Board member Glen Tapley of EWTN/WEWN.




2008 NASB / USA DRM Annual Meetings – Latest Information


PRELIMINARY AGENDA  (times are approximate and subject to change)

Meeting Venue:  Trans World Radio - Cary, North Carolina


Throughout the two days of meetings, there will be opportunities to monitor DRM transmissions from Sackville, Quito, Montsinery and other locations. 

Thursday, May 8, 2008 ---Trans World Radio--- welcome remarks from Thomas Lowell, TWR  Interim CEO  and Chairman of the Board of Directors;  and an update on  TWR’s  global ministry from Tom Tatlow, TWR  Global Media Services Officer.


9:30 am-10:30 am - Tour of Trans World Radio headquarters


10:30-11:00 am - Coffee Break, courtesy of Trans World Radio 


11:00 am-5:00 pm - USA DRM Group Meeting at TWR headquarters building

11:00-11:15 am - USA DRM welcome remarks - Adil Mina (Continental Electronics), Jeff White (WRMI), Mike Adams (FEBC)


11:15 am-12:15 pm – Speaker(s) to be announced


12:15-1:15 pm - Lunch at TWR headquarters, sponsored by T-Systems Media & Broadcast.  On the menu today are traditional North Carolina favorites:  barbecue pork sandwich, slaw, potato salad, fruit cup, cookie and sweet tea.


1:15-4:00 pm – Speakers to be announced


4:00-5:00 pm - Mike Adams, FEBC, leads open discussion about plans for the USDRM platform and DRM in the United States during the coming months


5:00 pm - USA DRM Meeting ends.  Departure from TWR headquarters to Comfort Suites hotel. 

7:30 pm - Dinner at O'Charley's restaurant, adjacent to Comfort Suites.  Sponsored by Thomson Broadcast and Multimedia, Comet North America and WMLK/Assemblies of Yahweh. Tonight's menu includes a selection of appetizers, your choice of any two entrees (the list includes bite-size fried shrimp, barbecue ribs, grilled chicken breast, Chicken O'Tenders and butcher's cut premium steak), served with salad or soup (overloaded potato soup or soup of the day), beverage and a scoop of caramel pie ice cream for dessert.


9:00 pm - NASB Board of Directors meeting in lobby at Comfort Suites



Friday, May 9, 2008

9:00 am-12:00 noon - NASB Annual Meeting (morning presentations session).


9:00-9:15 am - Welcome remarks by Jeff White, NASB President; and Mike Adams, NASB Vice-President


9:15-9:45 am - Fundamental Broadcasting Network - A presentation by representatives of NASB member FBN, which operates shortwave stations WTJC and WBOH in Newport, North Carolina


9:45-10:30 am - Shortwave's Response to Disasters - panel moderated by Mike Adams, FEBC


10:30-11:00 am - Coffee break, courtesy of Trans World Radio


11:00-11:30 am - Monitoring Times - presentation by Rachel Baughn, Editor


11:30 am-12:00 pm – Audience Research for International Broadcasters--- presentation by Tom Tatlow, TWR  Global Media Services Officer;  Curt Detwiler and Bill Damick, also of  TWR.


12:00-1:00 pm - Lunch at TWR headquarters, sponsored by Continental Electronics.  Today's menu features Italian dishes:  meat lasagna, ceasar salad, garlic bread, tea and tiramisu. 

1:00-3:00 pm - NASB Business Meeting.   Members, associate members and visitors are welcome and encouraged to attend. Reports from NASB personnel who have attended recent shortwave conferences around the world. 


3:00-3:30 pm - Coffee break, courtesy of Trans World Radio


3:30-4:30 pm - NASB Business Meeting continues


4:30 pm - Official closing of NASB Annual Meeting


4:30-4:45 pm - NASB Board of Directors Meeting.  This is a brief closed session for the newly-elected Board members.



Hotel Information

The conference hotel for the annual meetings is the Comfort Suites hotel, located at 350 Ashville Avenue in Cary, North Carolina (a suburb of Raleigh), ZIP Code 27518.  This hotel is located near Trans World Radio headquarters (about five minutes by car), and TWR will be assisting us with transportation for those who need it between the hotel and TWR.  Therefore, we strongly suggest that you stay at this hotel. We have arranged a block booking for the group at a price of $82.00 per night, single or double occupancy. To make your reservation, please contact the hotel directly by phone or fax:

Telephone +1-919-852-4318
Fax +1-919-854-4398

When making your reservation, please specify that you are with the "NASB-TRANS WORLD RADIO" group. By mentioning "NASB-TRANS WORLD RADIO," you will get the lowest available rate of $82.00 per night, and you will have until 24 hours prior to your arrival date to cancel your reservation if necessary. (If you cancel less than 24 hours prior to your scheduled arrival, they will charge your credit card one night's accommodation.) The rate of $82.00 per night will be available to NASB/USDRM meeting attendees for a few days before and after the meeting as well, in case you want to arrive early or stay late.

Our block booking will be held until April 21, 2008, or sooner if all rooms are reserved earlier. Reservations will be on a space-available basis only after April 21, or before April 21 if we exceed our block booking. So we urge you to make your reservation as soon as possible. You can always cancel it until a day before arrival if you need to do so.

Please note there is a local tax of 12.5% on hotel rates in Cary. The hotel offers a complimentary hot breakfast buffet each morning, free wireless Internet access in all rooms, and an indoor pool/spa and fitness center.

Getting to Cary

Cary is located about 20 minutes by car from the Raleigh-Durham International Airport (RUD).  From the airport, you can take a taxi to the hotel in Cary (fare is approximately $18.50), or you can rent a car at the airport.  Note that the hotel does not provide transportation from the airport.  The following rental car agencies have branches at Raleigh-Durham Airport:  Alamo, Avis, Budget, Dollar, Enterprise, Hertz, National and Thrifty.


The following airlines offer service to Raleigh-Durham Airport from numerous cities throughout the United States:  Air Tran, American, America West, Continental, Delta, Express Jet, Jet Blue, Midwest Connect, Northwest, Southwest, United and US Airways. Air Canada has service from Toronto to Raleigh-Durham, and American Airlines serves Raleigh-Durham from London-Gatwick (but this will be changing to London-Heathrow on March 29, 2008) with connections to/from many cities throughout Europe, the Middle East and Africa via London.


Directions from Raleigh Durham International Airport (RDU) to Comfort Suites:

 Exit airport onto Airport Blvd.  From Airport Blvd merge onto I-40 East towards Raleigh.  From I-40 take Exit 293A  (US 1 South / US 64 West towards Sanford.)  Follow US 1 South for about four miles to Exit 98A Tryon Road East.  Merge onto Tryon Road.  It’s only a short distance to Ashville Avenue on the left.  It’s a small street just before the WakeMed Cary Hospital.  O’Charley’s restaurant is on the corner.  Follow Ashville Avenue around to Comfort Suites.


Directions from Comfort Suites to TWR:


Ashville Avenue to Tryon Road.  Turn right.  Tryon Road becomes US 64 West on the other side of US 1.  Turn left onto Gregson Dr. (There is no street to the right, but there is a traffic light on the corner.)  It’s only about 1.5 miles from the hotel.  After you turn you will see a BP gas station on the right, but it’s not visible from the main road so there is no landmark to tell you where Gregson Dr. is—just the street sign.  It’s MacGregor Business Park.  Just follow Gregson Drive around until you come to TWR on the right.



2009 NASB Annual Meeting Sponsor Needed


Any member or associate member organization that is interested in hosting the 2009 annual meetings of the NASB and the USA DRM Group at your facility or in your location, please let us know as soon as possible.  If you can let us know before this year's meeting, the membership can vote and choose next year's location at the meeting in Cary on May 8 and 9.  The last four annual meetings (including the 2008 meeting) have been hosted by Radio Free Asia, Adventist World Radio, HCJB and Trans World Radio.  Your organization could be the next host!  If you're interested, contact Jeff White at




by Geoff Spells, HFCC Rapporteur


The World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-07) was held in Geneva 22nd October to 16th November 2007.  The agenda contained 23 items for consideration, one of which – Agenda Item 1.13 – contained a number of issues relating to services in the high frequency bands.


1.13  taking into account Resolutions 729 (WRC-97), 351 (WRC-03) and 544 (WRC-03),to review the allocations to all services in the HF bands between 4 MHz and 10 MHz,excluding those allocations to services in the frequency range 7 000-7 200 kHz and those bands whose allotment plans are in Appendices 25, 26 and 27 and whose channeling arrangements are in Appendix 17, taking account of the impact of new modulation techniques, adaptive control techniques and the spectrum requirements for HF broadcasting;


This agenda item proved to be very complex, open to interpretation and controversial as proven during the preparation of the Conference Preparatory Meeting (CPM) Report in the ITU-R study groups.  The final CPM Report as input to WRC-07 contained two views on this agenda item, particularly with respect to Resolution 544 and the issue of additional spectrum for the broadcasting service.


The Conference chairman is usually agreed upon sometime before the conference starts.  Although the process for selecting a chairman has been continuing for many months, there was no agreement until Sunday, 21 October, the day before the conference was due to start.  This late agreement did not appear to delay the work of the conference, as the agenda items and relevant documents were quickly allocated to subcommittees.  This process continued so that a number of sub-committees were soon working in parallel on the different issues. 


Unfortunately, this rapid progress soon came to a halt for Agenda Item 1.13.  The initial problem was what order to deal with the various issues contained within the Agenda Item.  It became obvious that all of the regional groups outside Europe (CITEL, Arab Group, APT, RCC and ATU) wanted to deal with Resolution 544 first, while CEPT wanted to take the issues in order of the agenda item.  This stalemate continued until the second week of the conference, when the Chairman of the committee managed to get an agreement to take Resolution 544 for two sessions and then deal with Resolution 351 for the next two sessions. 


At this point, CEPT found that they were the only regional group with a proposal to allocate additional spectrum to the broadcasting service.  All other regional groups wanted a “No Change” (NOC) for Article 5 of the Radio Regulations for all services.  They also wanted to deal with Resolution 544 first as they saw a linkage with Resolution 351 in the CEPT proposal for Resolution 544.  Despite protracted discussions in the formal meetings and in closed sessions with the Chairman of the conference, this situation persisted until Wednesday of the third week.  The Chairman advised CEPT to seek support outside of Europe for the proposal and to draw the inevitable conclusion if none were found and withdraw their proposal.  On Thursday, 8th November, with little public support outside Europe, the CEPT was forced to accept a NOC for the broadcasting service. 


Even though this opened the way to discuss the other issues contained in the agenda item, very little progress was made.  Resolution 729 was modified as studies were considered to be complete in ITU-Ranged poor-to-good, while Resolution 351 was modified and put on the agenda for WRC-11.  No changes were agreed upon for the amateur service under the review of all services in the range 4-10 MHz. 


Although there was no additional spectrum allocated to the broadcasting service, there were some more positive decisions taken by WRC-07.  A summary of the outcome of WRC-07 for the HF broadcasting service is as follows:


1        WRC-07 took the majority view and did not agree any new spectrum for broadcasting in the HF bands;

2        Resolution 544 has been suppressed and will therefore not appear on the agenda of a future WRC;

3        Resolution 517 has been modified to suppress SSB and to extend the range of broadcasting bands where DRM can be deployed to include all tropical bands above 3200 kHz;

4        Various footnotes in Article 5 have been modified to remove the reference to the WARC-92 bands and the date of implementation;

5        A new resolution has been adopted which requests ITU-R to continue studies on HF broadcasting;

6        The provisional WRC-11 agenda item dealing with DRM protection ratios (Resolution 543) has been deleted as this work can be studied in ITU-R Study Group 6 with a view to revise Recommendation ITU-R BS.1615 if necessary.


On the face of it, that doesn't look like much for what is essentially 7 years of work, but all is not too bleak.  SSB has been deleted and the range of bands available to introduce DRM has been extended.  With the new Resolution, studies will continue in ITU-R to build on the information prepared within HFCC and contained in Report ITU-R BS.2105. 


Other issues relating to the broadcasting service:


Document 30 from Cuba concerned Radio Regulation 23.3:


23.3 2) In principle, except in the frequency band 3 900-4 000 kHz, broadcasting stations using frequencies below 5 060 kHz or above 41 MHz shall not employ power exceeding that necessary to maintain economically an effective national service of good quality within the frontiers of the country concerned.


The proposal was to create a new Resolution which provided an interpretation of 23.3 such that any broadcasting station that provided coverage outside the country in which the station is located would not be in conformity with the Radio Regulations.  After much discussion, no changes were made to No. 23.3 and no Resolution was adopted.  However, a note of the conclusions of the discussions was agreed to be part of the minutes of the Conference. 


Agenda Item 1.4 proved to be the most contentious issue:


1.4 to consider frequency-related matters for the future development of IMT-2000 and

systems beyond IMT-2000 taking into account the results of ITU-R studies in accordance

with Resolution 228 (Rev.WRC-03);


The bands proposed for IMT included the UHF bands as well as C-band used by many services, including broadcasting.  WRC-07 could not agree on a worldwide allocation for IMT but has provided access to different bands in different regions for IMT by footnotes to the Table of Frequency Allocations. 



France Adopts DRM For Frequencies up to 30 MHz

News release from Fanny Podworny, DRM Consortium


Paris, France – On 5th December, 2007, French Minister of Culture, Mrs. Christine Albanel, signed a decree to confirm the adoption of Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) and Terrestrial Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (T-DMB) in band III and in the L-band as the digital radio standards in France. With the adoption of both technologies, France is one of the pioneer countries for the digitalisation of radio.


The adoption of DRM in France is the result of long-term experiments and discussions conducted with or under the scrutiny of the regulatory and governmental bodies. The statements of industry ministers along the past years have paved the way for the decision made by the Minister of Culture and Communication. Both T-DMB and the DRM standard were named as driving technologies. The decision taken a few days ago is a confirmation of earlier announcements. The DRM and T-DMB adoption will boost the commercial launch of digital radio in France, scheduled for 2008.


The combination of both digital technologies DRM and T-DMB is the perfect solution for public and private broadcasters, and for urban, rural and international broadcasting. DRM is a great way to enjoy not only international radio stations, but also some local and national radio. Michel Penneroux, DRM Commercial Committee Chairman, welcomes this significant step towards the digitalisation of radio: “The French government decision is the result of testing and debating on digital technologies in France. DRM radio receivers will now have a wide market in France.”


Regarding the DRM consortium contribution to the French process, Penneroux says that: “Our DRM national platform in France has played a key part in this process that has led to the DRM standard endorsement. This encourages the work made by other DRM national platforms in Germany, Spain and Italy. We now speed up the duplication of such a platform in countries around the world.”


Early in 2008, the Conseil Supérieur de l´Audiovisuel (CSA) will invite tenders for radio stations and programme editors to broadcast digital radio. The first digital radio programmes are expected to be on air in France in the last quarter of 2008.



Plans for 2008 EDXC Conference  

The NASB is now an observer member of the European DX Council (EDXC), the umbrella organization for shortwave listening and DX clubs in Europe.  All NASB members and associate members are welcome to attend the EDXC's annual conferences, and the 2008 EDXC Conference will take place September 5-7 in the city of Vaasa, in western Finland.

Risto Vahakainu of the Finnish DX Association (SDXL) explained that his group will be organizing this year's EDXC Conference.  The FDXA is celebrating its 50th anniversary this year. 

Vaasa has been called the "sunniest city of Finland."  It's located about 400 kilometers northwest of Finland's capital, Helsinki.  It has a population of 65,000.  Most international attendees will fly to Helsinki, and they can take a train, car, bus or commuter flight from Helsinki to Vaasa. 

The 2008 EDXC Conference will be conducted primarily in the English language, with a few events in Finnish for the local attendees.  The exact conference location is expected to be the Best Western Silveria hotel about two kilometers from the city center.  The Silveria has good conference facilities, but a limited number of rooms, so there are also other hotels in the Vaasa area where attendees may also stay.

The organizers are preparing a conference package that is expected to cost around 200 euros per person which will include two nights of accommodation (double occupancy), conference fees, city tour and the traditional banquet.  Fees may be paid by credit card.  The conference will run from Friday evening, Sept. 5, until around noon on Sunday, Sept. 7.  The city tour will be on Saturday, Sept. 6, and will include lunch and a visit to the new UNESCO world heritage area located between Finland and Sweden. 

A welcome reception will take place on Friday evening.  Among the activities during the conference will be seminars on the latest developments in software-defined radios, a tribute to the Finnish DX Association's 50 years, presentations by shortwave stations, quizzes, an EDXC business meeting and more.  There will be exhibitions of shortwave receivers, stations, QSL cards, photos, stamps, etc., plus a shortwave listening room and PC's with Internet connections.  The annual EDXC banquet will include awards, a raffle of shortwave-related items and an auction.

A local shortwave station called Scandinavian Weekend Radio will take part in the conference.  The station broadcasts once per month for 24 hours.

The EDXC organizers are arranging an optional tour after the conference.  Four options are being considered for the tour; only one will be chosen.  The options are:

1) Baltic states for 3 days (Sunday-Wednesday) - a Sunday flight from Helsinki to Vilnius, Lithuania; tour of Vilnius on Monday; overnight in Vilnius or in Riga, Latvia; Tuesday tour of Riga; overnight in Riga or Parnu (a resort in Estonia); bus to Tallinn, Estonia on Wednesday; ferry back to Helsinki.

2) Riga and Estonia for 2 days (Sunday-Tuesday) - Sunday evening flight from Helsinki to Riga, Latvia; Monday tour of Riga; overnight in Riga or Parnu, Estonia; bus to Tallinn, Estonia; ferry to Helsinki.

3) Lappland for 2 days (Sunday-Tuesday) - about 1000 kilometers trip by bus visiting several sights in northern Finland; return to Helsinki on Tuesday by air.

4) Lappland and Nordkapp for 3 days (Sunday-Wednesday) - about 1500 kilometers bus trip visiting several sights in northern Finland and Norway, including a visit to Nordkapp -- the northernmost spot of Europe; return to Helsinki on Wednesday, probably by air from Ivalo.

A decision on which one of these options will be offered is pending; participants' opinions are welcomed.

The Finnish DX  Association has provided the  NASB  with several copies of a colorful English brochure about the city of Vaasa.  Anyone who would like a copy may send their postal mailing address to Jeff White at


More information on the 2008 EDXC Conference, as it becomes available, will be found at the website  or you can contact Risto Vahakainu by e-mail at






2007 Clandestine Shortwave Broadcasting Activity Survey

News release from Mathias Kropf

During the year 2007 the activity of political clandestine stations broadcasting on shortwave has increased by 4.8 % to 1321 Weekly Broadcasting Hours (WBHs). This is way below the record 2384 WBHs measured in 1990, but still up from the all-time low of 1116 WBHs in 1999.

Activity of clandestine stations broadcasting to target areas on the Asian continent has increased by 7.9 % to 939 WBHs and activity to target areas on the American continent has also increased by 11.4 % to 215 WBHs. On the other hand, activity to target areas on the African continent has dropped by 15.2 % to now 167 WBHs.

The three most active target areas worldwide are China with 240 WBHs (+40 when compared with last year), Cuba with 215 WBHs (+22) and North Korea with 196 WBHs (+14).

The number of different target areas active worldwide has dropped sharply from 24 in the previous year to only 18 at the end of 2007. While no new target areas have emerged during the past 12 months, the following target areas that were still active one year ago are now thought to be inactive: Maldives, Libya, Sudan, Uganda, Gambia and Cameroon.


Mathias Kropf has compiled this list annually for many years.  He can be contacted by e-mail at



NASB Mailbag


A Cool Shortwave Receiver

Former NASB Board member Dennis Dempsey (who used to work with WEWN, but is now with Turner Broadcasting in Atlanta), writes:  This was at the Consumer Electronic Show -- a shortwave radio with an SD slot:

I am sure some NASB guys will need this.

Happy Holidays from RFA

A.J. Janitschek of Radio Free Asia sends the following message:  Best wishes from all at Radio Free Asia for a happy holiday season. Please enjoy our 2007 year-end slideshow available from the following link:

At the end of the slideshow is a quote that is quite apropos:  "The world is cast of iron, without feelings or consciousness. If you want to influence it, to push it, to mould it, the least you must do is shout--never mind that it is a muffled shout from under a blanket of repression." (Zhang Xianling, 'Half of Man Is Woman').  Warmest wishes for all the best in 2008.









NASB  Members:            


Adventist World Radio         

Assemblies of Yahweh

Family Stations Inc.

Far East Broadcasting Co.                                          

Fundamental Broadcasting Network

La Voz de Restauracion Broadcasting, Inc.

Le Sea Broadcasting Corp.                            

Radio Miami International

Trans World Radio

Two If By Sea Broadcasting Corp.

World Christian Broadcasting

EWTN Global Catholic Radio WEWN

NASB Associate Members

Beth Shalom Center Radio

Comet North America

Continental Electronics Corporation

Galcom International

George Jacobs & Associates

Good Friends Radio Network

Hatfield and Dawson Consulting Engineers

HCJB World Radio                           


TCI International, Inc.



Thomson  Broadcast and Multimedia                                    

VT Merlin Communications


National Association of Shortwave Broadcasters

10400 NW 240th Street, Okeechobee, Florida  34972

Ph: (863) 763-0281  Fax:  (863) 763-8867    E-mail: