NASB NEWSLETTER www.shortwave.org
IN THIS ISSUE:
NASB at the HFCC Conference in Birmingham
The High Frequency Coordination Conference (HFCC) for the B07 broadcast period took place in Birmingham, England August 27-31. NASB's Vice President, Mike Adams, was there, along with representatives of other NASB member stations KTWR and WEWN, and various associate members. This was Mike's first time attending an HFCC Conference, and the following report contains his impressions of the event. Also in this issue of the NASB Newsletter you'll find the opening remarks at the conference by Oldrich Cip, HFCC Chairman, as well as a summary of the major decisions and discussions at the plenary sessions of the conference.
First Timer at HFCC
by Mike Adams, VP NASB
FEBC (FEC) is normally represented at HFCC by Chris Cooper, but as the conference was near my home in the UK, I was invited to join in and learn from the process. I was not sure if I would know anyone there, but it turns out that many also participate in DRM meetings or are at other International events, so I was amongst several friends. It was good to see Jonathan Clark from NASB associate member TCI there, and again 2 weeks later at IBC in Amsterdam.
The key business is the coordination of SW frequencies and the key “figure of merit” is the reduction of collisions with other broadcasters. The broadcasters who won’t coordinate to avoid interference don’t attend. If broadcasters are in attendance then it is their goal too – and all were helpful.
It was good to see a whole table full of NASB delegates sitting next to Tom Lucey of the FCC.
The tools of the job are an array of software programs to analyze interference problems and choose clear frequencies. People use many different programs, but a few are most common. You have to understand these tools before you can begin working. Some coordinators do still use primarily paper records, but this is less common and requires large paper files to be printed every day during the conference. It was encouraging to hear the HFCC discuss moving to “paperless” conferences. There was a suite of PCs for use by any delegates to make their submissions. At future HFCC events it might be helpful to have a training session the night before for new delegates who are trying to learn the coordination tools. Some of the NASB members who have attended for many years would be well qualified for the task as trainers.
Besides the frequency coordination, much other networking takes place over coffee breaks and meals. One could get a quote from a broadcast service provider, learn about the new RIZ transmitters, discuss swapping airtime with other broadcasters, and a whole range of other operational and technical topics that came up. I found the networking time very valuable.
CVC excelled themselves as host (assisted by Feba Radio and FEBC) and provided a well equipped venue. They made sure everyone had an interesting English experience when we all went out to a medieval dinner banquet at a nearby Abbey. Many also joined in for a tour to Warwick Castle and Shakespeare’s Strafford-upon-Avon.
Opening Remarks from the B07 HFCC Conference
by Oldrich Cip, Chairman, HFCC
Ladies and Gentlemen, Dear Colleagues, Distinguished Guests,
It is my privilege now on behalf of all members of the HFCC/ASBU association who have come to Birmingham to thank Mr Bob Edmiston who is the Chairman and founder of Christian Vision, and to Mrs Tracie Edmiston a director of Christian Vision for coming over on this nice bank holiday morning to our opening ceremony. I would like to thank to Mr Edmiston for his nice welcome and introduction to the conference. Real old-timers among us surely remember that the present conference in fact revisits after many years the UK and even the same region more or less:
One of early conferences, hosted by the BBC then, was held in Evesham - not very far from here. Participants of that early meeting were also able to get a glimpse of the beautiful, typically English, and mostly rural countryside of Cotswolds. Now we are in the West Midlands region again but this time in the second-largest city of the UK.
The Evesham Conference was held way back before our association was officially founded and its articles of association written. But even that piece of writing is almost ten years old and we have concluded that some revisions are needed. A too restrictive definition of membership was one of the drawbacks for example. The SB has already drafted an amendment - as well as a series of other minor corrections. The draft will be submitted for approval to the Plenary Meeting. We believe that membership should be opened more to persons or legal entities involved in the usage of the shortwave spectrum. In addition, the institute of "Associate Membership" will be created and will be available to other parties interested in shortwave broadcasting. Both these arrangements will make it possible that broadcasters like the BBC or RFI for example and other organisations will be able to become the members of the HFCC.
As you have read in the Minutes from the last Board Meeting or in the “what’s new” column of the website, HFCC has successfully carried on in the debate on the enlargement of shortwave spectrum for broadcasting that is on the agenda of the World Radiocommunication Conference or WRC07 later this year. Geoff Spells, "Our Man in the WRC07 world" has just reported that European administrations have agreed on an ECP (European Common Proposal) to allocate a total of 350 kHz additional spectrum to shortwave broadcasting with 50 kHz out of this on a shared basis with the fixed and mobile services.
What is also important is that the ITU-R Study Group 6 have approved a new report called "Information relating to the HF broadcasting service" The report contains an analysis of the joint global operational schedules prepared by HFCC. A summarised HFCC position has been incorporated into the final version of the European-CEPT Brief for the world conference.
It is interesting to note that the organisation of World Broadcasting Unions submitted their position to the same Brief. The WBU comprises the EBU, ASBU, ABU and other unions around the globe. The technical committee of this world union relates to the statistical analysis of global schedules prepared by HFCC and supports the enlargement. The HFCC Steering Board is now considering preparing yet another information document for WRC-07 that would support further the need for additional HF broadcasting spectrum.
Positive as it all may seem it does not mean that the battle for the enlargement of the spectrum has been won. The CEPT is only one regional group that supports the enlargement at present. We shall discuss this further in a specialised meeting that will take up the WRC07 matters as well as monitoring and spectrum usage.
Another ITU related subject is worth mentioning: this time connected with the introduction of DRM: The Radiocommunication Assembly of the ITU decided recently to study the possibilities for the use of DRM for local coverage in the 26 MHz broadcast band. Quite inevitably the provisions of Article 12 of International Radio Regulations are involved and this includes our global frequency co-ordination. The management of our association decided to submit the subject to the group of experts and we are ready to take part in all debates primarily with the aim to protect international transmissions from local DRM broadcasting and vice versa. Liaison of HFCC with national administrations and regional groups, e.g. CEPT, APT or CITEL may be also needed.
Let me return to our conference that has just been opened and to our hosts. I am sure that we are all impressed with the preparatory work of the Team headed by Andrew Flynn who has been the moving force behind the idea to take up the hosting of a shortwave seasonal conference by a relatively small organisation. This has included all preparations here at the Hilton Metropole as well as the rich assortment of travel information and maps supplied by the Team to the HFCC website. Naturally, the CVI conference budget has been very much improved by a number of sponsors, and I would like to join Mr Edmiston in thanking them on behalf of all of us.
We do have problems from time to time in finding hosts but the Birmingham conference shows that the hosting can be done on a reasonable budget with a generous support of sponsors. We are confident that this will be an important motivation for future conferences and their hosts and even for those who have not hosted a conference yet.
In an effort to brighten up my introductory monologues I frequently resort to proverbs or quotes, and since we are in an English speaking country I have borrowed a quotation today from a well known English writer and novelist, W. Somerset Maugham: "The ability to quote is a serviceable substitute for wit" he once said - and I am not sure if I should take it as a word of caution or of encouragement.
Thank you for your attention!
Excerpts From HFCC/ASBU Plenary Meeting Minutes - Birmingham, UK
27th- 31st August 2007
The HFCC/ASBU co-ordination conference for the Wintertime 2007 (B07) broadcast season was hosted by Christian Vision, in association with T-Systems and other sponsors at the Hilton Metropole NEC Hotel in Birmingham, United Kingdom, between 27th-31st August 2007. Some 98 delegates representing 46 organisations attended this conference.
Mr. Bob Edmiston, the founder and Chairman of Christian Vision, welcomed everyone to the meeting in Birmingham. As a charity, CVI were only able to host the meeting due to the generosity of sponsors -- particularly the principal sponsor T-Systems Media & Broadcast. Other sponsors were Continental Electronics, Riz, WRN, VT Communications, Thomson Broadcast & Multimedia and TCI. Bob Edmiston noted that CVI joined HFCC in 1998 and recognised the importance of coordination. HF broadcasting still has advantages despite the poor quality compared to other radio systems, but this will be overcome in the future with DRM.
Horst Scholz announced that one of the founding members of HFCC, Umberto Tolaini from Vatican Radio had sadly passed away. He asked everyone to stand and observe a minute’s silence as a mark of respect for the memory of Umberto. He noted that the dinner on Tuesday, at the kind invitation of Riz, would be held at the hotel. A further dinner would take place on Thursday at Coombe Abbey, hosted by Christian Vision.
Rachel Staviskaia drew attention to the 1st Russian Symposium on DRM to be held 8th-12th October in Moscow, organised by Radio Russia in cooperation with Deutsche Welle. More information is available on request and everyone would be welcome to attend.
Horst reported that the A08 conference was due to be a joint conference with ABU-HFC tentatively scheduled for 4th-8th February 2008. Following extensive discussion with ABU, it looks likely that the venue would be either Bangkok or Kuala Lumpur as a fallback. More information will be made available as soon as possible. Horst proposed Monday 14th January 2008 as the deadline for requirements for the A08 schedule.
Horst Scholz said there were no offers to host the August 2008 meeting. He noted that there were still two large organisations that had not yet hosted a meeting. Bassil Zoubi advised that ASBU [Arab States Broadcasting Union] would like to host the A09 meeting in February 2009 in Tunisia. The Plenary welcomed the proposal. ASBU will pursue the organising process with the Steering Board.
The use of the 26 MHz band for local broadcasting had been discussed. To protect the use of part of this band for international, long distance broadcasting, it was proposed to informally segregate the band.
It was proposed to broaden the membership base of HFCC and to make it available to entities and persons involved in the usage of the HFBC spectrum, and also by introducing a category of Associate Members. This would allow organisations who were not Frequency Management Organisations but who had an interest in HF broadcasting to become members of HFCC. Associate membership would be available to other parties interested in shortwave broadcasting for example equipment manufacturers, broadcasting unions, etc.
Horst informed the meeting that Nexus [of Italy] had asked to re-join HFCC. He asked Alfredo Cotroneo to give a short introduction to Nexus for the benefit of members who were unfamiliar with the organisation. Following this introduction, Nexus was approved as a member. Alfredo Cotroneo proposed to form an informal group, collaborating via email, to investigate how to increase knowledge and importance of HF broadcasting throughout the industry.
Bassil Zoubi of the ASBU announced that due to recent flooding, one of the HF transmitting sites in Oman was damaged. The Oman Ministry of Information had coordinated frequencies for this site as they hoped to have the site back on air during B07.
Allen Graham [of NASB associate member HCJB] said that for the last 20 years, HCJB has been expecting a new airport to be built in Quito, Ecuador, near their transmitting site, and they have already taken down some antennas. Once the airport has been built, the Board of HCJB have decided not to build a new transmitting site until the future of DRM is certain. They will continue some of their transmissions by renting the necessary capacity.
These minutes were prepared on behalf of the HFCC Steering Committee by Geoff Spells, Member of the Steering Committee.
Report from Reynoldsburg, Ohio DX Radio Convention
by Adrian Peterson, Member, NASB Board of Directors
Again this year, the Reynoldsburg radio convention [held in August] was a splendid success. In view of the fact that this occasion is an invitation-only event, I am therefore unable to give any tangible details of what transpired. Suffice it to say that those who attend are significant and influential personnel in the international radio world. A total of 50 or so people are involved, representing various organizations that encompass many additional radio personnel. The NASB display unit is a nice representation for the many NASB shortwave stations, and the items for distribution were highly appreciated.
NASB-USA DRM 2007 Speakers List Now Posted
NASB webmaster, Doug Garlinger, reports that there is now a list of the speakers at the 2007 annual meetings of the NASB and the USA DRM Group, in order of their talks, on the NASB website, along with the audio files of the meeting. This makes it easier to follow along when you are listening to the audio files. There are also cross-references to PowerPoint presentations given by many of the speakers, so you can actually listen to their talks and watch the PowerPoint presentations they were giving at the same time. Check it out at www.shortwave.org.
Also on this website, you'll find a preliminary agenda for the 2008 NASB Annual Meeting (click on "Annual Meeting") which will be held at Trans World Radio in Cary, North Carolina, along with complete hotel information. It's now possible to make your hotel reservations for the meeting, which can be cancelled until a day before arrival, so feel free to go ahead and book your room. Updates to the preliminary agenda will be posted to the website from time to time between now and the event, so check back occasionally to see what's new.
A number of speakers have already been tentatively confirmed for the meeting, including representatives from NASB member Fundamental Broadcasting Network in Newport, North Carolina and Rachel Baughn, editor of Monitoring Times magazine, based in Brasstown, North Carolina. NASB Vice President Mike Adams will lead a panel discussion on shortwave radio's role in disaster situations.
We are very pleased to announce that Continental Electronics, T-Systems, Thomson Broadcast and Multimedia and TCI International have already signed on to be sponsors for the 2008 NASB-USA DRM annual meetings. Two more dinner co-sponsorships are still available for $400 each. If your organization is interested, please contact Jeff White at email@example.com
Preview of EDXC Conference
President Jeff White will be one of the speakers at this year's European DX
Council Conference in Lugano, Switzerland November 1-4. He'll be telling
the group about the NASB, the state of shortwave broadcasting in the Americas,
and the latest news about DRM and its U.S. platform. Also speaking will
be Bob Zanotti, formerly of Swiss Radio International, who will explain his
view of the reasons behind the closing of SRI; his website www.switzerlandinsound.com,
which is now the only source of "radio" reports about Switzerland;
and his involvement in IRRS, The Italian Radio Relay Service, which he
co-founded with Alfredo Cotroneo. Other speakers at the EDXC Conference will
include Anker Peterson of the Danish Shortwave Club International and Robert
Kipp, who will speak about "Radio in the South
The last NASB Newsletter mentioned that the 2008 EDXC Conference will take place in Finland. Former EDXC Secretary General Risto Vahakainu, who is with the Finnish DX Association, provides us with a few more details in a recent e-mail: "For future planning I'm happy to announce that we have now fixed 5-7 September 2008 for the conference. We planned first for August, but the Beijing Olympics made us move a few weeks later. The city is Vaasa, on our west coast some 400 kilometers northwest of Helsinki."
from the DRM Newsletter, August 2007, courtesy of Fanny Podworny, DRM Communications and PR Assistant
Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM) introduces its
latest products at IFA 2007 in Berlin
Berlin – “DRM 30 is ready! DRM+ is coming” was the key message of Digital Radio Mondiale for one of the world’s largest consumer electronics trade shows, IFA in Berlin. This year DRM was featured in IFA’s Science and Technology Forum (TWF), where the latest DRM radios were on display. Since the commercial launch of the Morphy Richards DRM / DAB capable receiver, more than 1500 devices have been sold online. Consumer interest in radio receivers with DRM technology is rising and apart from the aforementioned device from Morphy Richards, the following DRM products were be on display at IFA:
- Bosch/Blaupunkt showed the Advanced Digital Receiver (ADR), a new DRM car receiver prototype. Digital long, medium and shortwave can be received with the latest integrated standard AM/FM RF front-end using the “Advanced Digital Receiver (ADR)” IC up to baseband
- Himalaya’s DRM 2009 is on the market now and
can be purchased online. (See more on this below.) The stand-alone radio supports DAB/DRM /AM/FM
services. It is a portable receiver that can be run either on AC or by
batteries. With the SD card slot, it can also be used as MP3 player
- STARWAVES’ Car Box is a DRM / DAB digital radio converter box for vehicles or boats and can also receive analogue short, medium and longwave broadcasts
- TechniSat´s MultiRadio 1 can receive analogue FM, long-, medium and shortwave as well as DAB and DRM transmissions. The device is equipped with integrated high quality stereo-bass reflex loudspeakers and a detachable ferrite antenna
- Sarapulsky Radiozavod is Russia’s first DRM prototype radio
- Analog Devices introduced the ADSST-260 Multimode tuner IC suitable for AM, FM, DRM and DAB and the Blackfin based Digital Radio.
In order to increase the understanding of Digital Radio Mondiale technology and its capabilities, DRM took part in a talk session called “Talk im TWF” on Sunday, September 2. DRM Chairman Peter Senger and expert speakers from DRM member companies Fraunhofer IIS, Niedersächsische Landesmedienanstalt, Robert Bosch GmbH and Leibniz University Hanover provided an up-to-date overview about DRM 30 and the current DRM+ developments.
DRM Receivers and Equipment
You can order the latest DRM-capable receivers online at:
- For international delivery: www.igear.com
- For delivery in various countries: www.rebelio.com
- For delivery in Germany: www.t-online-shop.de
DRM / DAB Capable Receiver Himalaya 2009 is Officially Launched
Long time DRM supporter Himalaya (Power) Electronics is proud to present the DRM 2009 to the European market. Based on the experience of manufacturing the first two DRM receivers, namely the Mayah DRM2010 and the Coding Technologies Digital World Traveller, Himalaya (Power) Electronics is pleased to deliver a new generation of high quality DRM receivers that are more affordable than ever.
The Himalaya DRM2009 is a stand alone radio which supports DAB/DRM/AM/FM services. It is a real portable receiver that could be run either by AC or batteries.
With the SD-Card slot, it can also be used as an MP3 player. In addition to MP3 playback features, the SD-Card can be used for scheduled recordings of DAB/DRM programmes. Furthermore, features of Play/Pause for DAB and DRM services are supported through the internal memory. EPG (Electronic Programme Guide) is also supported for DAB service. The specialised user interface allows for easy navigation of these advanced radio features. DRM2009 uses an advanced RadioScape multiband module, allowing reception of a wide range of digital and analogue services. DRM2009 is a truly portable and flexible system.
Further information about the receiver can be found under http://www.himalaya.com.hk/. You can order the receiver in Germany and in Austria from the T-Online Shop on http://www.t-online-shop.de
The DRM Consortium Welcomes the 1st International DRM Symposium in Moscow
News release from the DRM Consortium
Bonn, Germany – The digital technology “DRM” is the topic of conversation at the first international DRM Symposium in Russia which takes place from 9th to 12th of October in Moscow at the President Hotel. The symposium is being held by both DRM members RTRN -The Voice of Russia and Deutsche Welle with the participation of the DRM Consortium and the support of Radio Rossi, Radioagency-M, TRC EFIR, DRM supporter NREC and the DRM members Thomson Broadcast & Multimedia, TRANSRADIO SenderSysteme GmbH, and T-Systems Media & Broadcast.
More than 150 attendees from all over the world are expected including prominent international VIP's. The attendees’ high level of expertise is reflected in the calibre of the topics that will be discussed during the symposium. These range from technical aspects concerning DRM broadcasts to DRM commercial strategy with DRM receivers. The symposium presents a complete insight into DRM and its concept of implementation in Russia.
The digital broadcasting system for long-, medium and short-wave offers a dramatic
improvement over the crackle and pop of analogue AM. Besides providing a near FM quality
sound, the DRM system gives the option to integrate data and text. Two DRM special
frequencies for the symposium will be are broadcast. One is from Germany/ Wertachtal T-Systems, from the 9th until the 12th of October at 09:00-10:00 UTC on 15.645 kHz, DW English Service. The second one is from the UK/Woofferton from the 8th until the 12th of October at 09:00 – 10:00 UTC on 15.480 kHz, DW English Service.
The DRM consortium welcomes the first DRM symposium in Russia as an important step in the national development of DRM in Russia and all over the world. The DRM Consortium Chairman, Peter Senger, stated that “the first international DRM symposium in Russia is a good opportunity for assisting Russia to take a decision for DRM implementation.”
VT Communications Continues Broadcast Operations in Face of Adversity
from The Oracle, July-December 2007
On 5th June 2007 VT Communications were informed that a category 5 cyclone (Typhoon Gonu) was heading towards the BBC Oman Relay Station on the southeastern coast of Oman near the town of Aseela, causing major disruption to services throughout the country. The station was built for the BBC World Service by VT Communications in 2002, replacing the aging relay station located 100 km south on Masirah Islands which had been in operation since 1967. As part of its contract to design and build the Oman facility, VT Communications also operates and maintains the station on behalf of the BBC World Service. The station provides optimum coverage to the BBC's target audiences in the region, including those in Pakistan, India, the Arabian peninsula, Iran and Afghanistan.
The Omani authorities warned all residents to evacuate the coastline and 7000 inhabitants were taken off the island of Masirah. VT Communications employs over 35 staff at the station and at this stage all non essential staff were evacuated 40 km inland. A few engineering staff remained at the station where they were housed for the duration of the storm and equipped with satellite phones as back up for telephone networks that were out of service.
Fortunately by the time Gonu reached the site it had decreased to a category 3 cyclone as wind speeds dropped. Despite the torrential rain and the excessive winds the station escaped unscathed, apart from a few minor water leaks. Unfortunately the surrounding area was affected by quite severe flooding with many homes and businesses being destroyed. Local amenities remained closed for several days and the water and electricity supply was severely disrupted.
Despite the devastating effects of this cyclone VT Communications managed to ensure that the BBC's programming remained on the air and there was no disruption to service. The fact that the station survived relatively unscathed is a credit to the design and construction of the facility.
American Shortwave Panorama – CBS on the Air on Shortwave from Philadelphia
by Dr. Adrian Peterson
During the radio era before World War 2, there was quite a movement here in the United States, and in other countries throughout the world also, to establish shortwave relay stations in an endeavor to give wider broadcast coverage. At the time, television was a concept and not a reality, and FM radio was still a distant dream. The mediumwave band was not overcrowded though the mediumwave signal generally gave only local coverage. However, shortwave transmissions could give wide area coverage within the country, and even international coverage on a much wider scale.
Many mediumwave stations in the United States established shortwave relay transmitters during the late 1920s and throughout the 1930s to carry their programming to distant listeners. In fact, it is estimated that there have been somewhere around one hundred shortwave stations on the air in the United States during the past eighty years, and probably more than half of these were active during the pre-war era.
One of the shortwave stations that held a high reputation back during the early years was located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. This station was launched on behalf of the co-located mediumwave station WCAU under the callsign W3XAU. And again, even though a casual glance would seem to indicate that this was an amateur radio station, this is not the case. Station W3XAU was indeed a professional station, relaying the programming from mediumwave WCAU. The X in a prewar callsign indicated an experimental station, either amateur or professional; and in this case, indeed professional.
The mediumwave station WCAU was launched in 1922 as a very small operation located in the back room of a small radio shop in Philadelphia. Ten years later, following a couple of intermediate migrations, WCAU was installed in a professionally built studio complex, the first building in the United States that was constructed specifically as a radio station. This facility was located at 1622 Chestnut Street in Philadelphia.
Now, at the same time, a new 50 kW mediumwave transmitter was under construction also and this was installed in a new building out at Newtown Square. The initial broadcast from this grand new WCAU was on September 19, 1932.
Before we leave the mediumwave scene and take a look at the shortwave events in Philadelphia, just a touch of humor from the TV series, “Gilligan’s Island”. On July 5, 1992, Gilligan and his six fellow castaways on a lonely and unidentified tropical island somewhere out in the Pacific tuned in their radio receiver and they heard a broadcast from a radio station that gave the identification announcement, “WCAU”. At the time, the real WCAU in Philadelphia had become WOGL, and so there really was no radio station on the air with the callsign WCAU at that stage.
Not only was there a new suite of studios and offices, and a new transmitter facility back in 1932, but the relatively new medium of shortwave broadcasting was also under development. Early in the year 1930, a small locally made 1 kW shortwave transmitter with the callsign W3XAU was installed with the regular mediumwave unit in Philadelphia. It is claimed that this was the first license issued by the FCC for an international shortwave broadcast station as a commercial operation.
However, two years after the Newtown Square facility was inaugurated, a re-built version of the same 1 kW shortwave transmitter was installed alongside the huge 50 kW mediumwave unit. All of these developments took place during the era when the innovative William Paley of later CBS fame was at the helm.
Four years later, this same transmitter was re-built to 10 kW capacity and two V type antennas were erected for coverage into Europe and South America. Station WCAU became even more ambitious for a truly international outreach with the erection of two large curtain antennas for coverage into the same areas, Europe and South America. At the same time, they made a request to the federal licensing authorities for 50 kW operation on shortwave. In fact, on several occasions in the late 1930s and early 1940s, they made similar applications, but on each occasion the request was denied.
With war clouds developing over Europe in 1939, the FCC took a hard look at the international shortwave scene in the United States and issued three new rules. This edict, issued on May 23, 1939, required that shortwave callsigns should be regularized, power should be increased to 50 kW, and directional antennas should be installed.
As far as callsigns were concerned, this edict gave time for consideration and negotiation regarding desired call letters. Initially, the first new callsign chosen to replace W3XAU was WCAI. This new callsign for the shortwave outlet, WCAI, proved to be only temporary. With information derived from Time magazine, FCC news releases, and several other sources, it is learned that this temporary new callsign was in use for a little less than two weeks beginning in mid August 1939.
The FCC subsequently ruled that all callsign changes for the shortwave stations should become effective on September 1. However, some stations introduced their new callsign prematurely and at least a couple were a little tardy in implementing the change. As far as W3XAU was concerned, the change from the initial WCAI to the subsequent WCAB was implemented on August 26, one week before the official date.
As for the directional antennas, they were already in place. And the power increase to 50 kW? They had already applied on several occasions and been denied. However, there was another mitigating factor involved; CBS had a large new shortwave station under construction at Brentwood on Long Island. Initially, the concept was for WCAB in Philadelphia to supplement the new Brentwood facility. However, in view of the power restriction, it was finally considered best to close the Pennsylvania station in favor of the large new facility under development on Long Island.
Programming from the Philadelphia shortwave station was initially a tandem relay from mediumwave WCAU, though separate identification announcements were given live over the air. However, when the station became a genuine international broadcaster, much of the scheduling was specifically prepared programming for the target areas, Europe & Latin America. Programming in foreign languages was taken on relay from the CBS sister shortwave station W2XE in Wayne New Jersey, and programming in English was also taken live from the CBS national network. This shortwave station was heard quite frequently throughout the Americas, over in Europe, and also in the South Pacific.
The new 50 kW shortwave transmitter WCRC at Brentwood was officially inaugurated on January 1, 1941. Just one year later, the 10 kW W3XAU-WCAI-WCAB at Newtown Square was finally switched off, and this nostalgic event occurred at midnight on December 31 in the same year 1941.
However, that is not the end of the story. The large new international shortwave station at Brentwood was taken into service with OWI-VOA (Office of War Information & Voice of America) programming less than two months later, on February 24, 1942 and the 10 kW unit in Philadelphia was packed up and sent over to England for use by the BBC in London.
How interesting it would be to find out the information from the other side of the Atlantic as to what happened to this famous American transmitter while it was in service over there in islandic Europe.
HCJB Global Presents First Timothy Award to Longtime Radio Partners
News Release from Jon Hirst, HCJB Global
Longtime radio partners Paul and Sylvia Hollinger of Lancaster, Pa., are the recipients of HCJB Global’s first Timothy Award presented on Tuesday, Aug. 7. Dr. Ron Cline, chairman of the board of HCJB Global, handed the award to the Hollingers for their partnership with the mission through their work at the offices of WDAC-FM 94.5 in Lancaster.
Together with WDAC-FM, the Hollingers have partnered with HCJB Global to assist on numerous projects, most recently helping construct and launch the first full-time Christian radio station in Ukarumpa, Papua New Guinea.
Through their partnership, they have also helped fund projects such as the one-minute daily radio program, “Beyond The Call,” hosted by Cline; the Russian satellite radio network, New Life Radio; the Charity Fund for needy patients at HCJB Global Hands’ Vozandes hospitals in Ecuador; and the Turn the Radios On outreach to put solar-powered, fixed-tuned radios into the hands of potential listeners.
“When we thought about who should receive the first Timothy Award from HCJB Global, we immediately thought of Paul and Sylvia Hollinger because of their faithful ministry and our friendship and partnership for so many years,” said Cline. “They well represent the qualities that Paul challenged Timothy to develop.”
The Timothy Award is a bronze replica of the original RCA microphone used at Radio Station HCJB in Quito, Ecuador, in the 1940s. The award is given to individuals partnering with HCJB Global who exhibit characteristics that the apostle Paul asked of Timothy, one of his disciples and students.
Paul Hollinger managed WDAC-FM for many years and most recently worked as chief operating officer until his retirement on Dec. 31, 2006.
Since its founding in 1931, HCJB Global’s passion has been to make disciples of Jesus Christ. Through a dynamic integration of media and healthcare around the world, HCJB Global is ministering in more than 100 countries. The gospel is aired in more than 120 languages and dialects. Thousands of healthcare patients are meeting Jesus. Local believers are being trained as missionaries, pastors, broadcasters and healthcare providers. For more information on HCJB Global visit www.hcjbglobal.org
Benn Kobb tells us that he has a new website devoted to local DRM broadcasting in the United States. Check out http://www.26mhz.us
Doug Garlinger forwards the following job vacancy announcement from the IBB: MARKETING OFFICER/USIBB, Washington, DC Sep. 27, 2007-Oct. 25, 2007. U.S. International Broadcasting Bureau seeks energetic, results-oriented media professional to place Voice of America programs and products with affiliated radio and TV stations across Latin America. Salary range: $79,397 - $103,220. U.S. citizenship required. For full job description: http://www.voa.gov/vacancies/personnel.html or http://www.usajobs.opm.gov/ or contact Karen Wren, 202.619.3117, firstname.lastname@example.org
Radio Free Asia's Technical Operations Division is proud to announce the release of the company’s 19th QSL card commemorating the 11th anniversary of the radio network’s first broadcast. On September 29, 1996, RFA’s first program broadcast was in Mandarin Chinese. The QSL card will be issued for all valid RFA reception reports from September 1 – December 31, 2007. RFA welcomes all reception report submissions at www.techweb.rfa.org (follow the QSL REPORTS link) not only from DX’ers, but also from its general listening audience. Reception reports are also accepted by email at email@example.com, and for anyone without Internet access, reception reports can be mailed to: Reception Reports, Radio Free Asia, 2025 M. Street NW, Suite 300, Washington DC 20036 USA. Upon request, RFA will also send a copy of the current broadcast schedule and a station sticker. (Thanks to RFA's Al Janitschek for this item.)
Broadcasting Board of Governors Announces New
News release from NASB associate member IBB, forwarded by Alan Heil
The U.S. Broadcasting Board of Governors is pleased to announce the appointment of Jeffrey N. Trimble as BBG Director of Programming. Mr. Trimble manages the development of BBG-wide strategies, plans and objectives for coordinating, developing and improving the programs of the BBG’s broadcast entities, i.e., the Voice of America, Office of Cuba Broadcasting, Middle East Broadcasting Network, Radio Free Asia and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.
Mr. Trimble recently served as RFE/RL Counselor to the President for Programs and Policy. He was Acting President of RFE/RL from November 2005 until March 2007. From 2002 to 2005, Trimble was RFE/RL Director of Policy and Strategic Planning. From 1998 to 2002, he was RFE/RL Director of Broadcasting. In 1997, he was RFE/RL Associate Director of Broadcasting. From 1982 to 1997, Trimble held a variety of positions with U.S. News & World Report, including New York correspondent, diplomatic correspondent in Washington, Mediterranean Bureau Chief based in Rome, Moscow Bureau Chief, Deputy Foreign Editor, Foreign Editor and Assistant Managing Editor.
Adventist World Radio
Assemblies of Yahweh
Family Stations Inc.
Far East Broadcasting Co.
Fundamental Broadcasting Network
La Voz de Restauracion Broadcasting, Inc.
Le Sea Broadcasting Corp.
Radio Miami International
Trans World Radio
Two If By Sea Broadcasting Corp.
World Christian Broadcasting
EWTN Global Catholic Radio WEWN
NASB Associate Members:
Beth Shalom Center Radio
Comet North America
Continental Electronics Corporation
George Jacobs & Associates
Good Friends Radio Network
Hatfield and Dawson Consulting Engineers
HCJB World Radio
TCI International, Inc.
Thomson Broadcast and Multimedia
VT Merlin Communications
National Association of Shortwave Broadcasters
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